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Jari Hakanen

Research Professor

Prof., Dr. Jari Hakanen, Research Professor Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (Finland).

Bored, burned out or engaged? The Job Demands-Resources model and employee well-being


Fifteen years after its introduction, the job demands-resources (JD-R) model has inspired hundreds of empirical studies and has been applied in practice in many occupational settings in many different ways. The core of the model proposes that various job demands are the breeding ground for job strain and burnout and further for ill-health (so called health impairment process), whereas different job resources motivate employees and boost work engagement and further other positive outcomes. In addition, lack of both job demands and resources, may lead to an amotivational state of job boredom. Compared to earlier job stress models that used to ignore the energizing aspects of work and motivational theories which in turn did not pay attention to the factors that stress employees, the JD-R model is a comprehensive heuristic model that can be used by both researchers and practitioners to help understand and promote employee well-being and positive organizational outcomes.

In this keynote I will provide an overview of the basic assumptions and state-of-the art of JD-R model research. I will particularly focus on the model’s longitudinal research evidence. In addition, by using research and practical examples, I will reflect on the role of job crafting, i.e., what employees themselves can do to balance their job demands and job resources to stay well at work.

Short Bio

Jari Hakanen is Research Professor at the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health. He is also Adjunct Professor in social psychology at the University of Helsinki, where he obtained his PhD.

He is particularly interested in phenomena related to positive work psychology and employee wellbeing, such as the JD-R model, work engagement, burnout, work-family enrichment, job crafting, and servant leadership. He has received several international and national awards, for example the best paper award in 2011-2012 in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology and the Finnish Work-life Researcher of the Year award in 2012.

He has also developed and implemented several research based positive interventions in organizations to enhance work engagement and flourishing workplaces.


Social Psychology